Already in the face of the negativity of power, a big decision has been taken by taking autonomy in higher education. The Modi government is claiming this as a historic decision, claiming that it will improve the quality of education and our institutions can touch new heights. His name will also be included in the best universities of the world.
Keeping this in view, autonomy has been given to 62 higher education institutions, which include both private and public educational institutions. Earlier these institutions were working under the control of the UGC, which will now be outside the control of the UGC. They will now be able to choose subjects and syllabi according to their syllabus and their capacity, will be able to appoint teachers and can also employ 20 percent foreign teachers.
Accordingly, education will be internationalized and our institutions can leave their indelible mark on the world map. In this way, India will soon become the World Guru. These possibilities will create a new and powerful India.
Administrating The Giant Things
Under the hierarchical cleanliness, the institutions have been relieved from the UGC in day-to-day administration by basing their NAAC rankings. Even with the positives, highlighting the features and shortcomings of this step, then in this new law, the quality seems to be less and more bad.
The government decree of hierarchical aid will soon make higher education expensive. Therefore, maximum fees will be charged from the students for running the institutes and improving their quality only then these institutions will be able to run. Now they will not be able to plead with the government for their administrative and academic needs because the governments are declaring themselves unable to bear the expenses of higher education.
Considering the possibility of increase in young population in the coming years, the country will need more higher educational institutions as well as the need to increase seats. In this sense, the autonomy given by the UGC will become a shield for educational institutions and governments. Governments will say raise their own resources, increase fees, increase seats.
In such a situation, government institutions will have their own limits, obviously the increased number of students will not be accommodated in it. In that case, the youth will have no other option but to leave private institutions. In this way, the government’s efforts to privatize education that has been going on for a long time will reach its end. Those who are able will get education, those who are disabled will give their dreams due to lack of resources.
The government will now have the option to say that they are all autonomous institutions and we cannot do anything. With some courage to handle their dreams, they will get caught in the debt loan for education before employment and if they do not get a job after completion of the course, they will either commit a crime or commit suicide to get a loan.
By then the marketization of education will be so much that it will not be possible to repay the loan even after selling pakodas and forget about running abroad by holding an airplane. If you are saved from all this, you will have to make rounds of the court, for loan waiver. Then, like the farmers, the government may also waive the debt of teachers and students.
Whether a backward education policy like 70: 30 formula to raise resources with the Seventh Pay Commission will prove to be a milestone after the establishment of HEFA- Higher Education Funding Agency in higher education for the last few years. Governments will continue to say this at their convenience, but this step will definitely prove to be the last nail in the coffin from the point of view of interfering in higher education for the disadvantaged sections.
An overview of India’s Higher Education Report-2016 shows that the message for public education is clear. India, which is now the holder of the world’s second largest higher education system, where there are more than 700 universities, more than 40 thousand colleges and more than 33 crore students who are admitted in these educational institutions.
Many of these institutions are running on government grants. The population graph shows that in the 2020s, India will have the most youth and the demand for higher education will also be highest. If there are no government institutions, then there will be a lot of inequality in higher education in this country with unprecedented inequality.
History shows that in the countries of the world where the scope of higher education has been small, the economy is generally small and the per capita income of the people remains low. Social dissatisfaction prevails in such societies. In contrast, in those countries where higher education is public, people can easily get it, the economic situation is also right there. People are happy and society is progressive.
On one hand, we are making claims of big economic development, while in the 21st century, we are afraid of increasing spending on education. Promoting educational institutions according to their wishes causes panic. Can India really become a world guru in such a situation is a big question.
Since last week, teachers of Delhi University have been on strike and now students and teachers of Jawaharlal Nehru University are marching from JNU campus to Parliament. The march of the students in the scorching sun is not just anger against the JNU administration but also opposition to the policies of the government. They will be troubled not only today but generations to come tomorrow when cheap and good education will be outside their capacity.
School education has already gone to privatization. If the situation remains the same, then in the future, the condition of university education will be the same as that of school education.
This is the time to oppose the government’s anti-higher education policies and after a comprehensive discussion, change the higher education policies and increase public participation and think about an education system that allows more and more people to not only have skills Teach but also teach the qualities of efficiency of life. Great educationist John Dewey has rightly said that education is not a preparation for living life, but life in itself.